HOW TO PERFORM ABLUTION (Wudu)

HOW TO PERFORM ABLUTION (Wudu)

Perform completely the Ablution, imitating the method commanded by Allah (SWT) in the Qu'ran:

Allah (SWT) said, "O you who believe! When you intend to offer prayer, wash your faces and your hands (fore-arms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles…" (Al-Ma'idah 5:6)

The Prophet (SAW) said, "Allah does not accept prayer without purification ..." (Sahih - Muslim and others)

 

1- Making Intention (Niyyah) for Ablution (Wudu) 
Before starting the actions of Ablution, it is necessary to make Intention. Make intention to perform Ablution in one’s mind for the purpose of worshipping Allah Subhanahu wa ta’ala.
Prophet Mohammad (SAW) said, "Verily the actions are by intention and there is for everyone only what he intended..." (Sahih - Fath-ul-Baaree and Muslim) 
 

2– Mentioning Allah’s Nane (Al-Tasmiyyah) 
After niyyah, start Ablution by saying aloud or silently: 
Bismillaahir rahmaanir raheem (In the Name of Allah the Most Gracious, Most Merciful.)
Prophet Mohammad (SAW) said, "There is no ablution for him who does not mention Allah's name upon it." (Sahih - Ibn Maajah, At-Tirmithee, Abu Dawood, and others) 
 

 

3- Washing Hands Up to the Wrist (Pic. 1)
Start by using the left hand to wash the right hand up to the wrist making sure that no part of the hand is left dry, especially between each finger. Repeat three times. Then use the right hand to wash the left hand up to the wrist making sure that no part of the hand is left dry, especially between each finger. Repeat three times. 
Humran (RA) narrates that Uthman (RA) called for water to make wudu and washed his hands three times... then said, "I saw the Prophet (SAW) make Ablution just as I have made Ablution." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
 

 

4- Washing Mouth (Pic. 2)
Using your right hand, put a handful of water into your mouth and rinse it thoroughly. Do this three times
Prophet Mohammad (SAW) said, "When you make Ablution then wash your mouth." (Sahih - Al-Baihaqee)

 

 

5- Sniffing water into the nose and then ejecting it (Pic. 3 & 4)
Again using the right hand, sniff water into your nostrils to clean them. Wipe any mucus away with the left hand and clean the tip of the nose, again three times 
The Prophet (SAW) said, "When one of you makes ablution then let him enter water into his nose, then expel it." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawood) 
Abd Khair (RA) said, "We were sitting looking towards Ali (RA) - as he made Wudu - and he entered into his mouth a handful of water with his right hand and washed his mouth and nose, then expelled it from his nose with his left hand - he did that three times, then said, 'Whoever would like to see the way of purification of Rasoolullah (SAW) - then this is his purification.'" (Sahih - Ad-Daarimee)
 




 

6- Washing the Face (Pic. 5 & 6) 
Using both hands, wash face three times, wiping from your forehead to your throat and extending your hands to cover your face from ear to ear.
Allah (SWT) said, "O you who believe! When you intend to offer prayer, wash your faces and your hands (fore-arms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles…" (Al-Ma'idah 5:6) 
Humran ibn Abaan (RA) narrates that Uthman (RA) called for water to make wudu and so mentioned the way in which the Prophet (SAW) made wudu. Humran (RA) said, "Then he washed his face three times." (Sahih - Al-Bukhari, Muslim) 
 



 

7- Washing the hands and arms including the elbows (Pic. 7)
Wash your right arm thoroughly up to the elbow three times. Repeat for your left arm
Nu'aim ibn Mijmar (RA) said, "I saw Abu Hurairah make ablution - he washed his face and completed the ablution, then washed his right hand until he reached the upper arm, then his left hand till he reached the upper arm" - then in the end of the Hadith he said: "This is how I saw Rasoolullah (SAW) make ablution.'" (Sahih - Muslim) 

 

8- Wiping the head (Pic. 8 & 9) 
Wipe the head with the fingers of both hands, starting from the forehead, taking them to the nape of the neck, then bring them back to the forehead. Do this one time. 
The Prophet (SAW) wiped his head with his two hands, moving them forwards and backwards - beginning with the front of the head and (wiping) with them up to his nape then he (SAW) returned them to the place from which he began. (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Muslim, At-Tirmithee, and others) 
 


 

9- Wiping the Ears (Pic. 10 & 11)
Wipe the inside of your ears using your wet fingers; at the same time wipe the back of the ear lobes with your thumbs. Pass the backs of your wet hands over the nape and round under the chin.
Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said, "The two ears are a part of the head." (Sahih - At-Tirmithee, Abu Dawood, and Ibn Maajah) 
From Abdullah ibn Amr (RA) - about the way of performing wudu - he (SAW) said, "Then he (SAW) wiped his head and entered his two forefingers into his ears and wiped the backs of his ears with his thumbs". (Sahih - Abu Dawood, An-Nasaa’ee, Ibn Maajah, Ibn Khuzaimah) 
 



 

10- Washing the Feet and Ankles (Pic. 12)
Wash your right foot up to the ankle. Make sure that all parts of the foot are wet, including between the toes. Repeat with your left foot.
"Ibn Umar (RA) said, "Rasoolullah (SAW) fell behind us and then came upon us during a journey, then we found him and it was time for 'Asr - so we began to make Wudu and wipe over our feet, so he (SAW) called out at the top of his voice, 'Woe to the ankles from the Fire. (two or three times)'" (Sahih - Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
 

 

11- Reading supplications (Dua’a) after ablution 
After ablution, first say: "Ash hadu an la ilaha illal lahu wah dahu la shareeka lahu wa ash hadu an-na muhammadan 'abduhu wa rasulhu" (I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and I testify that Muhammad (SAW) is His slave and Messenger)

Then say: "Allah hum maj 'alnee minat taw-wabeena, waj 'alnee minal muta tah-hireen." (O Allah, make me one of those who constantly repents to You and of those who purify themselves)

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